How do Americans manage and ‘raise’ dogs?

Dogs and cats in America are considered family members, people call them babies, even their “sons” and “daughters”.

On the occasion of someone commenting on how foreigners behave when taking their dogs out, I would like to share a few things about animal management agencies and dog owners in the US.

American families believe that teaching their children how to approach and care for their pets instills in them love, compassion and responsibility. Thanks to that, people grow up with a very common love for animals, and veterinarians are a highly respected profession in America.

Dog and cat owners in America come with many responsibilities. Not only are they fed, they must comply with the following things or be severely punished. Rabies vaccination is mandatory: this is the law, rabies is a disease transmitted between mammals and can therefore be transmitted to humans. The disease progresses silently, with a long incubation period, so the person who is bitten sometimes does not know if the dog/cat that bit them is sick or not.

Once symptoms appear, the virus has attacked the brain. There is no cure. Although dangerous, rabies in the US is extremely rare because the government requires every family that owns dogs and cats to be vaccinated periodically, they sponsor rabies vaccines at very cheap prices (5-10 USD) and widely propagate. everywhere. It is the owner’s responsibility to vaccinate their pets. Rabies cases in the US are mostly caused by ferrets, mink bears or wild bats.

Each household needs to bring a rabies vaccination certificate to register with the locality that their dog/cat has been vaccinated. Their dog/cat will be wearing an identification number (license tag), to certify registration. This needs to be repeated every year so that the agency can monitor dogs and cats on time for vaccination. Dogs are not allowed to roam freely. Any dog ​​must stay inside the house or inside the fence and cannot go wild. When people see a lost dog, they will call the Animal Control Department and they will send a dog catcher to take the dog to the shelter (a facility that holds stray dogs and cats that need to be adopted).

If the dog/cat is wearing an identification number, they will transport it straight to the registered address. If the dog or cat does not have a license tag, they will keep it at the shelter. The pet owner will have 3-4 days to get the dog back and pay a fine for letting it loose, whether intentionally or not. If there is no claim after 3-4 days, the dog/cat will be available for adoption by the public. Because shelters are always full, people need to euthanize some every day to make room for new animals, so there is a possibility that dogs/cats will not be able to return to their owners if no one adopts them after a period of time.

In public, dogs are not required to wear a muzzle but must always have a collar. This is because most dogs are vaccinated so do not have to wear a muzzle, and owners can control their dog if it is on a leash.

Dog owners must clean up dog waste in public places. People who walk their dogs always carry a small plastic bag, put it on their hand like a glove, pick up the waste, turn the bag upside down, tie the mouth, and throw it in the trash. Dog feces is very dirty and contains many parasites and pathogens that can be transmitted to people or other pets if exposed, so people must be aware of keeping the community clean.

In addition, there are some things that a good owner often does with their dog such as dog training. This may sound strange to those of you in Vietnam. But people in America have many dog ​​training courses and owners actively take their dogs to school to make their dogs obedient and easy to control. Depending on the level, the most common are basic commands such as: sit, lie down, wait, stop, leave, go to the toilet. There are also tricks taught (shaking hands, dancing, pretending to be dead). This increases the bond between the owner and the dog, and teaches the dog to obey and not do what the owner does not allow such as stealing food, jumping up and down, barking, and defecating in the wrong place. Trained dogs will behave better and control their aggression.

Since then, incidents of stray dogs attacking people have been very rare, with most dogs being raised by humans except in cases of abuse and neglect. Nurture dogs both physically and mentally: dogs need to be exercised to be happy and healthy. Keeping them indoors will cause the dog to be inhibited, irritable, and have excess energy, which will lead to problems such as barking a lot. , destroy.

Dog owners often take their dogs for walks and jogging to be active. There will be a pet park in the locality for people to bring their dogs off leash to run and play and socialize. Dogs that are exposed to strangers and strange dogs from a young age will be bolder and play better. On the contrary, if a dog is isolated from a young age and has little knowledge of the outside world, it will be shy, thereby becoming afraid of new people/dogs and becoming aggressive due to its instinct to protest and protect itself.

Dog owners must observe their dogs. If they see signs of aggression or unsociability, they must be taken away from that place. Allowing your dog to play will make the dog happy and healthy, and will limit destructive behavior and other behavioral problems when he comes home. A healthy dog ​​is one that is well-fed, fully vaccinated, and has regular check-ups every year to detect health problems early. The dog is a member of the family, and is taught rules such as not jumping when meeting guests, not going dirty in the house but having to go in the right place, the dog will not attack strange dogs if the owner tells him to. stop” and know how to “communicate” with the owner.

Cats and dogs are like children. When raised in a loving and educated family, they will be very obedient, docile and friendly even to strangers. On the contrary, some owners raise watchdogs, the owners want them to be aggressive (not just barking in alarm but actually attacking), and do not correct them when they are aggressive, they will be aggressive. In America, when a dog has problems, people say that it’s because the owner doesn’t know how to train it, or neglects it, or doesn’t discipline it from a young age, so it’s bad (except for stray dogs whose history is unknown). In some cases where dogs are too aggressive, attack people or have the potential to attack people, the management agency has the right to destroy them at the request of the people (whenever there is an accident with a dog attack, people will report it to the public). management agency to monitor the dog if the accident reoccurs).

Dog owners can take their dogs to school, see a behavior specialist for correction, or leave their dogs completely at home away from the community, wearing a muzzle and other preventative measures to avoid the above outcome. Because if you get sued, it will cost a lot of money and impose a huge liability. Dog owners are often called “pet parents”, so they are also responsible for caring for, raising, ensuring the health, happiness and safety of their pets, but also protecting them. themselves and the community.

Hopefully this article helps people better understand why Americans are so famous for their love of animals, and dogs and cats in the US are greatly reduced in risk of causing accidents to the community thanks to strict management agencies and awareness and propaganda. educate the people.

Category: Pet